Shillong – The Scotland of East

Shillong – The Scotland of East

Shillong, the capital of Meghalaya,  the home to various waterfalls. The energizing mountain crests, perfectly clear lakes, stunningly greens, historical centers, and the zoo the key reasons to visit Shillong. Aside from the characteristic excellence, Shillong likewise goes about as the door to Meghalaya, the state renowned for enormous rainfalls,  tallest cascades, wonderful landscapes, and astounding people and culture. Shillong specifically has been in the spotlight for its joyful individuals and their way of life. Strangely, Shillong has a very westernized culture. Shillong additionally popular as the music capital of India, the same number of noticeable artists have hailed from this place. Numerous music occasions continue occurring consistently, making it an energetic place.

Wonderful city circled by pine trees, It gets its name from Lei Shyllong, an icon venerated at the Shillong Peak. This hill station famous for its wonderful sight scene. The soothing atmosphere makes Shillong reasonable to visit in all seasons. The light rain and the cool air adds to the delight of visiting this place. This place renowned as the ‘Scotland of the East’.

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The city gets its name from the god Shyllong or Lei Shyllong. Cherrapunji, one of the wettest place on earth,  just 56 km from Shillong. In 1897, a solid seismic tremor had nearly wiped out the city of Shillong. Because of its lovely lakes, cascades, pine timberlands, and green mountains, the British considered Shillong the ‘Scotland of the East’. The British created it like numerous other slope stations amid British Raj. There are a few pleasant spots to visit in Shillong including Shillong Peak, Umiam lake, Elephant falls and Lady Hydari Park among others.


Shillong capital for composite Assam amid the British administration and later till a different State of Meghalaya framed. David Scott, the British government worker of the East India Company, the Agent of the Governor-General North East Frontier. Amid the First Anglo-Burmese War, the British experts felt the requirement for a street to interface Sylhet and Assam.  David Scott conquered the troubles his organization looked from the resistance of the Khasi Syiems – their boss and individuals. Awed by the ideal cool atmosphere of Khasi Hills, they consulted with the Syiem of Sohra in 1829 for a sanatorium for the British. Hence started the combination of British interests in the Khasi-Jaintia Hills.

The city lies in the focal point of the level and encompassed by slopes, three of which are worshipped in Khasi convention: LumSohpetbneng, LumDiengiei, and LumShillong.  Only 100 km from Guwahati which can be gotten to by street along NH 40, an adventure of around 2 hours 30 minutes through lavish green slopes and the heavenly Umiamlake in the middle.

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Shillong a slope station in the northeastern piece of India and the capital of Meghalaya, which signifies “The Abode of Clouds” and one of the littlest states in India.  the central station of the East Khasi Hills locale.  The 330th most crowded city in India. Henceforth, they would likewise allude to it as the “Scotland of the East”.

Shillong has consistently developed in size since became the common station of the Khasi and Jaintia Hills in 1864 by the British. In 1874, on the arrangement of Assam as the Chief Commissioner’s Province,  picked as the home office of the new organization on account of its advantageous area between the Brahmaputra and Surma valleys and all the more so in light of the fact that the atmosphere of Shillong significantly cooler than tropical India. Shillong remained the capital of unified Assam until the production of the new province of Meghalaya on 21 January 1972, when Shillong turned into the capital of Meghalaya, and Assam moved its funding to Dispur in Guwahati.

Places to Explore 


Mawlynnong a town in the East Khasi Hills region in the Indian province of Meghalaya.  Renowned for its ladies driven society and also having been pronounced Asia’s cleanest town. There were around 95 homes in Mawlynnong, according to the study,  The education rate comprises 100%. The localities primarily involved with agribusiness, with betel nut being the fundamental reap. The general population living here have a place with the Khasi Tribe while different clans are Garo. Mawlynnong popular for its matrilineal society and having been announced Asia’s cleanest town which goes under the Pynursla people group advancement square and administrative get together voting demographic.

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Pronounced as Asia’s cleanest town, Mawlynnomg a town in the East Khasi Hills Region at the Indian province of Meghalaya. Renowned for its ladies driven society

Umiam Lake

Umiam Lake, a mesmerizing man-made lake,  situated at a separation of 15 kilometers north of Shillong which is the capital of the north-eastern Indian territory of Meghalaya. The lake shaped after a dam developed to create hydroelectric power. The quiet lake encompassed by thick coniferous woods and extends over a territory of around 222 square kilometers. The zone of this lake is four times the extent of San Marino or Bermuda. Surrounded by lavish green East Khasi slopes that shape a standout amongst other all-encompassing sights for nature-darlings in the nation. The pleasant area and the quiet magnificence of the lake draw in visitors from everywhere throughout the world.

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The Umiam Lake has a recreation center bordering it which is a hotspot for picnics and frequented by local people for an escape from their bustling planned.   Nature lovers can respect the verdure as they contemplate the science behind the dam, kids can invest some energy in the recreation center with their folks, guests can take a long pontoon ride in the lake, and experience darlings can appreciate sculling and different water-sports. A couple of islands in the lake that can be utilized as pit-stops on the off chance that one requires a snapshot of rest while sculling through the lake.

Aside from the peacefulness that this place brings to the table, one can likewise watch the day by day life of the locals who go to the lake looking for twigs and grass or the anglers kayaking in the still waters. In summers, the shores decorated with delightful Gulmohar trees while in winters, the water level retreats and turns sky blue.

Elephant Falls 

Named after an Elephant framed stone at its foot, the Elephant Falls among the most prevalent falls in the North-East, arranged by Shillong. A voyagers’ heaven with three layers of the falls open to the layman from various vantage focuses. The Britishers named this fall so attributable to the nearness of an elephant-molded shake on one side of the fall. Nonetheless, the stone broke down and washed away because of a tremor in 1897. At Elephant Falls one can get near the falls and make the most of its tranquility and might. This is additionally an eminent place for investing some energy amidst nature while catching the mind-blowing minutes.

elephant falls
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These amazing falls were alluded to as ‘Ka Kshaid Lai PatengKhohsiew’ by the nearby Khasi individuals, which signifies ‘The Three Step Waterfalls’, as these falls comprise of three entrancing falls in progression. The first of the three cascades tucked between the thick trees and extremely wide. The second cascade decreases to thin strands of water and relatively irrelevant in winters because of the subsiding water levels. The third and the most unmistakable cascade the tallest with clear water streaming like a sheet of the drain on the dim shakes in the setting. Out of the three, the third cascade tends to strike the guests as the greatest.

Elephant Falls an incredible stopover goal before one set out toward further adventures into Meghalaya. Found 12 km far from the capital city of Shillong,  a standout amongst the most visited falls in the wonderful state.

Shillong Peak

It offers an amazing all-encompassing perspective of the whole city, the Himalayas, its cascades and in addition to the Bangladesh fields. A telescope is accessible for sightseers to get an elevated view.

shillong peak
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situated at a distance of 10 km southwards of the city, Shillong peak the highest point of Shillong and offers beautiful views of the city, the cascades, the Himalayas, the lush green ambiances adjoining Bangladesh plains. The Shillong peak often surrounded by fog due to its high elevation. It is reachable through the Upper Shillong or Jowai Road. The uppermost part of the peak also has a holy site that is devoted to the U Shulong. A ceremonial also prearranged here in the integrity of U Shulong every spring season.   Believed that this place acquires its name Shillong, from this very mountain only. As per the area’s myths, the native god Leishyllong who guards the city has her abode on this peak. The radar station of the Indian Air Force is positioned here. For safety reasons, the people are required to submit their cameras.

Nohsngithiang Falls

Diving from a tallness of 315 meters, Nohsngithiang Falls another ponder that Cherrapunjee brings to the table to its guests. Otherwise called the Seven-sister falls, Nohsngithiang a completely stunning incredible sight and not to be missed on the off chance that you end up in the region. Like Nohkalikai Falls, Nohsngithiang falls are a pride of Meghalaya tourism and make for a superb place to visit when in Cherrapunjee. Encompassed by the thick covering of rainforests with mists drifting around its pinnacle, Nohsngithiang Falls are a significant entrancing perspective.

Nohsngithiang Falls
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Cherrapunjee is home to numerous brilliant cascades helped to a great extent by its place as one of the wettest places on earth yet none so more than Nohsngithiang Falls. Diving from a stature of 315 meters on to the ground these are one of the tallest cascades in the nation.

Kyllang Rock

Encompassed by age-old Red Rhododendrons, Kyllang Rock said to have an exceptionally attractive field which doesn’t enable one to fall of its rooftop. The mammoth vault is difficult to reach from its southern side while the northern side is loaded with rhododendrons and shrubberies. Shake climbing darlings rush to Kyllang Rock to test their ability and appreciate some unhindered experience. Kyllang Rock a monster vault put in the West Khasi Hills of Meghalaya. The Rock which is 5400 ft above ocean level and has a width of around 1000 ft is a mammoth square of stone which is a piece of the Khasi legends and appears to be wonderful in its shape. A climb to the highest point of the arch enables you to treasure the radiant scene of the encompassing region.

kyllang rock
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The Khasi slopes were separated into the East Khasi Hills and West Khasi Hills in 1976, with the Ri-Bhoi and South West Khasi Hills Districts being shaped a while later. The pleasant capital of Meghalaya, Shillong, is the locale home office of the East Khasi Hills area, and the most created town of the district. These slopes are an incredible intermingling of lavish woodlands, perpetual verdant fields, superb slopes encompassed by energetic mists, cascades, and streams moving through the rivers, and antiquated stone monuments stacked with supernatural caverns. Supplemented with the bounty of different untamed life seen all through the zone, this district is world-well known for being a prime environmental hotspot.

khasi hills

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Named after the Khasi clan of Meghalaya, the Khasi slopes are a piece of the bigger Patkai slope extend, a progression of slopes found over the Indo-Myanmar outskirt in the upper east district of India. With profound lavish valleys and tapered pinnacles, these slopes are popular for lodging the Sohra or Cherrapunjee scarp, one of the areas with most noteworthy yearly precipitation on the planet, and the common utilization of living root spans found in this district. The Nongkhum Island, the second biggest waterway island of Asia, likewise situated inside this astounding area. The thick backwoods blending with tributaries that inevitably deplete out into the heavenly Brahmaputra, joined with the rich biodiversity of the district has earned the slopes the title of ‘Scotland of the east’.

Garo Hills

Arranged near the Indo-Bangladesh Border, the Garo slopes a piece of the Patkai hill run, which reaches out over the Indo-Myanmar fringe. The slopes get their name from the Garo clan who possess the zone. The Garo Hills, spreading over crosswise over 8000 sq. meters of territory, offer wonderful perspectives, thickly populated with subtropical timberlands and uncommon endemic types of creatures and winged animals.

For simplicity of organization, the territory partitioned into five regions: the East Garo Hills, West Garo Hills, North Garo Hills, South Garo Hills, and the South West Garo Hills. The Nokrek top is the most elevated pinnacle of this slope go, yet the Arabella slopes and the Tura top additionally offer some stunning view. The Nokrek Biosphere save, a standout amongst the most vital national parks with worldwide significance situated in this nature-rich zone. The slopes likewise decked with wonderful cascades, enhancing the ecological intelligibility of the place.

garo hills
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The Garo hill a socially rich ethnic gathering, joining custom and importance to numerous parts of their common encompassing. In doing as such, they ensure and regard their territory, along these lines protecting the faultless appeal of their environment. Between the long stretches of September and December, the post-gather celebration of 100 Drums Wangala praised with extraordinary grandeur at the Aonang town, now turning into a multicultural fascination with neighboring clans partaking in the merriments with incredible energy too. The biggest town in the slopes is Tura, or, in other words, most created zone and home to all the critical authoritative structures.


A delightful slope station in the dwelling place mists, Shillong the best investigated among September and May. The climate stays magnificent amid these months. It does at times rain, however, it is moderately lesser than in the rainstorm season, i.e. among June and August. Amid the season, the locale encounters overwhelming precipitation, and it may be extreme and badly arranged to investigate the vacation destinations. The excellence in the rainstorm is at its crest as the landscape transforms into a beautiful heaven with lavish greenery, lakes, lakes, and cascades springing up. It, thusly, can be an off-season area worth a visit for a few.


Among March and June, Shillong encounters the mid-year season and the temperature right now goes from 15° C to 24° C.  Hence, A wonderful time and a decent time for travelers to visit Shillong.


Monsoon starts in June and ends in September. Despite the fact that the seasons bring substantial precipitation and solid breezes, voyagers will appreciate a visit to Shillong’s various cascades as they are in full stream amid a rainstorm.


Winter reaches out from November to February and the base temperature amid this time drops to 2° C. Shillong encounters substantial mist amid winter.

How to Reach 

Via Air

Shillong doesn’t include an airplane terminal inside the city. The closest air terminal to the slope station the Umroi Airport close Barapani, or, in other words, kilometers away. This has restricted availability with different urban areas. However, The closest real air terminal that all around associated with various urban areas crosswise over India is in Guwahati, or, in other words, kilometers away.

By rail

There are no rail lines in Meghalaya. The closest railroad station is Guwahati. 104 km from Shillong and exceptionally all around associated with every single real city of India.

Meghalaya Transport Corporation (MTC) has transport administrations composed with prepare landings in Guwahati. The transports leave Guwahati starting 6 am till 5 pm (three and a half hrs). Equal administrations from Shillong likewise leave in the meantime. However, Taxicabs accessible at Guwahati Railway Station.

By Road

Assam State Transport Corporation (ASTC) and Meghalaya Transport Corporation run from Guwahati to Shillong. The fundamental interstate transport stand situated close to Guwahati railroad station. Sensible costs for various kinds of transports like AC, AC Sleeper, extravagance and Volvo buses accessible for Shillong. Likewise, A portion of the spots adjacent which you can visit are Cherrapunji (55 km) and Jowai (61 km)

Map of Shillong