Mumbai often called as dream city a remarkable irony of modernity and tradition. The city, earlier known as Bombay. It has a vivid past, starting from Mahatma Gandhi Ji visit to protest against Simon in 1928 to so forth. The city has seen several significant events at the time of struggle for India’s freedom. However, today Mumbai a mixture of diverse cultures and lifestyles. Mumbai welcomes everyone like a family. From Portuguese and European migrants inherited here from to the struggling upcoming actors dreaming to make it in the silver screen. From Bollywood stars to the slum residents and fisherman. Mumbai has several stories from different faces. Mumbai is one of the epic centers for theatre, art, dance, and culture with a vibrant spirit that has been consecutively working for years exclusively on the unconquerable Mumbaikars.
South Mumbai, earlier old Bombay, spotted with structures that will make one feel like been transported back in time to the British era. The British effect on the construction of buildings very noticeable in almost every building you come across. The gateway of India is the most famous tourist’s spot in Mumbai. Its ancient structure built on the shore of the Arabian Sea. One of the famous the majestic Taj Mahal Hotel is standing opposite to the gateway of India.
As Mumbai set right close to the Arabian Sea, there are various walkways where you just sit back and relax and feel the breeze on your face. Marine Drive one such boardwalk where you can sit with your feet flaccid over the ledge, and enjoy a beautiful sunset against the backdrop of the roaring waves of the Arabian Sea. Bandra, a home to most of the Bollywood stars, and is a laid-back suburb which houses many bars and nightclubs where you can experience the best of Mumbai nightlife.
Now Mumbai the capital of Maharashtra state. The city comprises of two distinct districts, the Mumbai City district in the south and the Mumbai Suburban district in the north. Mumbai India’s most crowded city and one of the most densely inhabited cities in the world. Approx 3.2 million People resides in South Mumbai, around 14 million people live in the metropolitan area. The city of India´s profitable capital and the country’s financial center, a home for, the Reserve Bank of India, the Bombay Stock Exchange, and the National Stock Exchange of India. Mumbai the epic center of India’s showbiz industry, the staple of the Hindi language film industry, known as Bollywood (made up of Bombay and Hollywood). Bollywood one of the leading film producers in India, and eventually in the world.
- 1 Overview
- 2 Places to Explore
- 3 Cuisine of Mumbai
- 4 Climate of Mumbai
- 5 How to Reach
Mumbai being the entertainment capital and India’s financial house and the capital state of Maharashtra the most populous city in India and the ninth most populous around the world with an estimated population of 18.4 million. Mumbai entitled an alpha world city in the year 2009. The richest city in India with the maximum number of millionaires and also one of the finest places to discover Mumbai.
Mumbai more warmly recognized as the city of dreams. A collection of 7 islands and titled after the goddess Mumba Devi. The past of this capital said to date back to the Stone Age. It has been a part of many empires comprising the Maurya, Chalukya, and Rashtrakuta as well as Marathas. Being a seaport city it thrived as a trade route and consequently came under the Portuguese rule. In 1678 AD, it became the headquarters of the British East India Company and soon became a foremost international hub for trade, especially in cotton. It turns into the capital of the Bombay Presidency under the British rule and played a significant role in the ‘Quit India Movement’ and ‘The Royal Indian Navy Mutiny’.
Being a prehistoric city, tourism in Mumbai an absolute pleasure. Victoria Terminus, Elephanta caves, Kanheri Caves, Haji Ali Darga, Siddivinayaka Temple, Juhu Beach, Marve Beach, Marine Drive, Gateway of India, Film City, mount Mary church, Mani Bhavan Gandhi Sangrahalaya, and Babulnath Temple are some of the popular places to visit in Mumbai city. Mumbai also famous for fashionable clothes and imitation jewelry.
Being a prehistoric city, tourism in Mumbai an absolute pleasure. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Victoria Terminus), Elephanta Caves, Kanheri Caves, Haji Ali Darga, Gateway of India, Siddivinayaka Temple, Juhu Beach, Marve Beach, Marine Drive, Chowpatty, Film City, Mani Bhavan Gandhi Sangrahalaya, Babulnath Temple are some of the prevalent destinations to explore in Mumbai city. Mumbai also eminent for designer apparels and imitation ornaments.
Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport the adjacent airport which about 21 km from Mumbai City and is well associated by flights with major international terminuses like Dubai, USA, Europe, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, and domestic destinations including Hyderabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata, Goa, Jaipur, Kochi, and Trivandrum. Mumbai the head office for Western & Central Railways subdivisions of Indian Railways. The Victoria Terminus and Bombay Central Station, the two chief railway stations in Mumbai, are well associated by trains with all the major towns and cities in India, including Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, and Bangalore.
Places to Explore
Gateway of India
Gateway of India the significant milestone of Mumbai City. Worked in the Twentieth Century to celebrate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary to Mumbai. Situated at the tip of Apollo Bunder, the portal ignores the Mumbai harbor that circumscribed by the Arabian Sea in the Colaba locale. Gateway of India is established of an extensive curve, with a tallness of 26 m and is done in Indo-Saracenic style. Be that as it may, in the event that one looks carefully, hints of Muslim engineering styles can likewise be found in the building. Another essential fascination in Mumbai, Elephant Caves are found near the Gateway of India, and vacationers can venture out on speedboats to reach there. Additionally, Taj Mahal Hotel, or, in other words, renowned and lavish inn is arranged near the Gateway of India. In this way alongside visiting Gateway of India, one can make up for lost time with two other essential vacation spots in Mumbai.
Haji Ali Dargah
developed in 1431 CE, in the memory of a Muslim holy person Sayyed Peer Haji Ali Shah Bukhari, who hailed from Bukhara, in present-day Uzbekistan. He came to India to spread Islam and in the long run settled in Mumbai. Prior to death, he communicated his desire that he needed his cover to be submerged in water instead of being covered underground. His devotees complied with the desire and developed a tomb at the spot where his cover rested in the wake of gliding in the ocean.
In spite of the fact that the first dargah over 600 years of age, its present structure worked somewhere in the range of 1960 and 1964. An impeccable case of Indo-Islamic design, Haji Ali Dargah complex sprawls over a territory of 5000 sq.m and comprises three fundamental structures – a dargah, mosque, and sanatorium. The tomb a white marble structure with angled edges, wonderful mirror work and a silver crown. A consecrated fabric with Quran’s refrains covers the holy relics of the holy person. The vault over the tomb has reflected work specifying that structures a mosaic of wonderful examples. There are three lobbies in the primary dargah, of which one saved for ladies. This religious compound has a colossal anteroom called Qawwal Khana, where qawwali exhibitions occur in the respect of Haji Ali.
This hallowed place observers a gigantic footfall of fans who come here and offer reverence to the holy person, regardless of their religion, standing, ideology, and economic wellbeing. This hallowed place visited by more than 40,000 individuals on all days, especially Thursdays and Fridays. The yearly Urs (demise commemoration) of Haji Ali is the greatest occasion here. Another Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi, which denotes the introduction of Prophet Muhammad. Sightseers can achieve the place by taking cabs, auto rickshaws or transports to the Worli inlet and after that strolling up to the dargah. There is a thin pathway from the Worli sound that associates the hallowed place with the city. It is only a 500-yard stroll for the fans from the narrows to the hallowed place. Being situated amidst the ocean, the dargah stays shut at the season of high tide.
Bandra – Worli Sea Link
an eight-path connect which has pre-focused on solid steel viaducts on either side. The scaffold is a piece of the proposed Western Freeway that connections the Western Suburbs to Nariman Point in Mumbai’s principle business region. The 16 billion scaffolds authorized by the Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation and worked by the Hindustan Construction Company. The initial four of the eight paths of the extension were opened to general society on 30th June 2009. Each of the eight paths was opened on 24th March 2010.
The ocean connect decreases travel time among Bandra and Worli amid pinnacle hours. Entire adventure of 8 km, which prior used to take 45 to an hour, would now be able to be finished in only 7 to 10 minutes. The scaffold had a normal day by day movement of around 37,500 vehicles. The dawn and dusk see the draw in numerous photograph fans. Guests can’t stroll on this seal interface. Halting on the Worli ocean connect for photography prohibited by Government of Maharashtra.
Worli Sea Face where guest can get the look at this well known Sea Link. It includes various critical attractions that incorporate the Worli Fort and Haji Ali Dargah. In addition, there various top of the line eateries and shopping outlets present. Well known for encountering mammoth waves amid rainstorm season, it draws in local people and vacationers alike consistently.
Visitors can achieve the Sea Link from both of the opposite sides of the connection. Closest transport warehouse Bandra (2 km) and the closest prepare station to the connection Bandra Railway station (5 km). Cabs and auto rickshaws are among other accessible methods of transport.
A C-molded six-path street along the coastline of Arabian Sea, shaping a characteristic inlet. This street joins Nariman Point to Babulnath and is arranged at the foot of Malabar Hill. Authoritatively, named as Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Road. Marine Drive likewise alluded to as ‘Ruler’s neckband’, on the grounds that the road lights make the street resemble a pearl necklace and make a fantasy of an accessory when seen around evening time from any lifted point along the pathway of the drive.
The promenade is the principle fascination of Marine Drive. The perspective of the nightfall over the Arabian Sea from Marine drive is grand. The palm trees along the promenade make it more appealing. Toward the north of the Marine Drive is the Chowpatty Beach, or, in other words, Mumbaikars and explorers for neighborhood cheap food. Marine Drive is considered the biggest survey display of the world. A few occasions like Bombay Marathon, IAF Airshow, French Festival, International Fleet Review, and numerous others have been facilitated along its walkway throughout the years.
The land estimation of the Marine Drive is one of the most noteworthy in India and positions fourth when contrasted with the world insights. Various famous people have their homes worked here and this region has turned out to be one of the head private networks. Walkeshwar, the occupant of the legislative leader of Maharashtra is likewise situated on Marine Drive. The 5-star lodging Oberoi and numerous other noted eateries lined along this walkway.
It is situated on the shores of the Arabian Sea and it extends for 6 km long up to Versova. Toward the north of this shoreline is Gandhi Gram, where Mahatma Gandhi lived in his days as a legal counselor. The southern end of the shoreline is set apart by various lavish lodgings. The shoreline is one of the busiest shorelines in Mumbai and furthermore one of the famous outing spots in Mumbai.
A few centuries back, when Mumbai really seven islands, Juhu a piece of one of the islands that currently frame the city. Lined by the Arabian Sea, Juhu is home to one of the nation’s best theaters, Prithvi Theater, alongside being home to different Bollywood famous people like Amitabh Bachchan, Anil Kapoor, Dharmendra, Hrithik Roshan, and so forth. The shoreline is among the most well-known locales in the city for the yearly Ganesh Chaturthi festivities where a great many fans land in terrific parades, conveying symbols of the Lord Ganesh of different sizes, to be drenched in the water at the seashore.
The shoreline is most renowned for its roadside nourishment like Pani Puri, Sev Puri, Pav Bhaji and the sky is the limit from there. Also, voyagers can purchase materials, inflatables, frozen yogurts and various different things from the slows down at the shoreline. It is a famous vacation destination consistently and is additionally a looked for after goal for film shootings.
The shoreline, for the most part, becomes busier on the ends of the week with families and couples. Sightseers by and large take a break at the shoreline by watching planes taking off and arriving in the adjacent Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport. Swimming ought to be maintained a strategic distance from at the shoreline, yet a tranquil sunbath is a perfect choice.
The character of the designers of the building perfect works of art worked in Elephant Caves is debated. It is trusted that the Chalukyas and Rashtrakutas were behind the making of the hollows and figures. The island administered by the Chalukyas and later by the Gujarat Sultanate. It later was given over by the Gujarat Sultan to Portuguese in 1534 AD.
The caverns are known for its wonderful Hindu sanctuaries and figures. The Elephanta Caves were named by the Portuguese after they saw the statue of an elephant on the island. The statue is currently set at the Bhau Daji Lad Museum at the Jijamata Udyan at Byculla in Mumbai. The principle buckles a Hindu place of love until the point that Portuguese standard started in 1534 AD, after which the holes endured serious harm. This redesigned during the 1970s following quite a while of disregard and was assigned UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987 to protect the fine art. It is right now kept up by the Archeological Survey of India (ASI).
The Elephanta Island has two gatherings of collapses the stone cut design style. The hollows are cut out of a solitary strong basalt shake and are dated somewhere in the range of fifth and eighth hundreds of years. Five caverns arranged on the western slopes of the Island are dedicated to the Hindu organization Shaiva and different Hindu figures are etched in these holes. Renowned figures of Hindu hollows are Ravana holding up the Kailash, Shiva-Parvati on Kailash, Ardhanarishvara, Trimurti, Wedding of Shiva, Linga, Nataraja, Kartikeya, Yogishvara, and Matrikas. In the second gathering of caverns, different Buddhist models can be spotted delineating various pictures of Gautama Buddha and Jataka Tales.
Another fascination of the island is the Cannon Hill. Situated at the highest point of the island, it utilized to defend the Bombay harbor amid pioneer times. In spite of the fact that, quantities of hollows have been demolished and harmed, Elephanta gives in still present a rich legacy of old history to the voyagers. The Caves are additionally the site of the yearly Elephanta Festival directed by the Maharashtra Tourism Department held each year in February. The celebration grandstands established exhibitions and go for advancing Indian traditional move and legacy.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
The Terminus is the second World Heritage Site of the Indian Railways after the Mountain Railways of Shimla, which recorded in 1988, and the principal utilitarian managerial working to be put on the World Heritage list. Base camp of the Central Railways, this station joins Mumbai to whatever is left of India.
Structured by Frederick William Stevens, a British draftsman, Victoria Terminus is a brilliant case of the Indo-Victorian Gothic building style. The development of this notable milestone initiated in 1787 CE to praise the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria and work went ahead till 1887 CE when it at long last opened for open utilize. The end formally renamed as Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in 1996.
In contrast to conventional Indian design, this end has a stone vault, different turrets, pointed curves, and a surprising ground plan. The focal arch bears a thirteen feet strong statue of a lady with a flaring light in her correct arm raised towards the sky and a spoked wheel low in her left hand, by Thomas Earp, a craftsman who likewise cut the Imperial lion and the Indian tiger on the door locks in the front. Underneath this vault is the stairs to each floor. A real existence estimate statue of Queen Victoria is set before the focal veneer. The end inside is exceptionally noteworthy with vaulted rooftops, curves, gothic towers, neoclassical figures, stone carvings, choice friezes and so on.
Being a standout amongst the most vital landmarks in Mumbai, the end is likewise critical as for transportation inside the city and past. Today, no less than 1250 trains leave the station each day from its 14 stages, bearing 3.3 million travelers all through the city. It is the center of the rural (nearby) railroads and in addition a portion of the long separation trains. A noteworthy piece of the building houses the regulatory segment of the Central Railways.
Prince of Wales Museum
The Prince of Wales Museum worked with the end goal to respect and remember the visit of King George V to India. Despite the fact that the thought for a historical center started in 1904, the establishment stone set around the Prince of Wales in 1905. The Museum was planned by an unmistakable designer, George Wittet andraised on this site in 1915. At first, the gallery was utilized as a military healing center and a ‘Kids’ Welfare Center’ amid the First World War. In 1922, it was changed into Prince of Wales Museum and was renamed after the organizer of Maratha Empire, Shivaji in the 1990s.
The Museum building is a fine case of Indo-Saracenic style of engineering. The structure is decorated with a great Mughal white vault and is encompassed by sumptuous green greenery enclosures. It has been granted in front of the rest of the competition for Heritage Building Maintenance by the Indian Heritage Society.
The historical center houses around 50,000 displays of old Indian history and additionally protests from remote terrains, sorted essentially into three segments Art, Archeology and Natural History. The houses Indus Valley Civilization antiques, and different relics from old India from the season of the Guptas, Mauryas, Chalukyas, and Rashtrakutas. The center likewise houses a gathering of 2000 uncommon small-scale works of art from a few imperative workmanship schools in India. One can likewise discover enhancing works of art produced using wood, metal, jade, and ivory among the historical center accumulations. The Natural History area of the historical center incorporates a gathering of reptiles, well-evolved creatures, creatures of land and water, fowls and fishes. There is another segment that presentations Indian arms and defensive layer that shows a variety of weapons, swords, shields notwithstanding different shots. The historical center has an area contained European oil artworks.
As a major aspect of the redesign venture started in October 2008, numerous new exhibitions were opened, which contained works of art of Hindu God Krishna, materials and Indian conventional ensembles. Normal shows and classes on a few points are likewise held inside the exhibition hall. Vacationers from everywhere throughout the world all over visit this glorious legacy fabricating and investigate the different old ancient rarities protected inside this gallery. Vacationers can likewise visit the Jahangir Art Gallery arranged alongside this Museum.
A standout amongst the most swarmed and zapping spots to visit in Mumbai is the Colaba Causeway, well known for being the shopping heaven and having unlimited shops to browse. The city of a million expectations, dreams and yearnings, Mumbai has its heart in the perfect place in spite of the considerable number of surges and fear and everything that has shaken it throughout the years. Prevailing upon everything else, the Mumbai-soul has stayed undefeatable. What’s more, at the core of the audacious city is the clamoring Colaba Causeway – a flat out must-visit. The place is for the most part well known for its bounty of shopping openings. Lying at the western tip, Colaba Causeway feels like the beat of Mumbai, trembling with energy. It has an appeal about it, which will suck you into its universe of bright shops, eating spots and boutiques like a magnet.
Known as Shahid Bhagat Singh Road formally and authoritatively, Colaba Causeway goes about as the land interface among Colaba and the Old Woman’s Island. It lies near the Fort region which is a business area and the core of the city since the British time. From roadside merchants to fabulous boutiques, the road offers all that you can consider purchasing – in various quality and costs. In the event that motion pictures are your thing and you need to encounter how to watch them in corridors before multiplexes assumed control, you can visit the old motion picture theater – Regal Cinema. Behind Regal Cinema, the Causeway drives you to the Bandstand Promenade neglecting the Arabian Sea.
Here, the incomparable Gate of India invites you with all its magnificence opposite the magnificent Taj Mahal Palace Hotel commanding the city’s horizon. In the event that the walk influences you to starve for something delicious, you will locate the equivalent at the numerous eateries – old and new, bistros and franchisee diner outlets around to mollify your craving.
Situated in a segregated zone in the region of Aarey Colony, Mumbai, Film City is regularly viewed as a home to the Bollywood. The place is vast to the point that around 1000 sets can be raised here at the same time. Throughout the years, it has turned out to be one of the real shooting areas for Hindi film industry. Relatively more than 900 movies other than TV programs have been shot here as in the prior days. Today, the Film City has become a standout amongst other film studios, very much outfitted with all the basic courtesies and world-class offices required in film creation with fantastic help from film identities and government. It offers one a reasonable thought of know-what about shooting films in India.
There is no denying the puzzler that filmmaking hangs on every last one of us, and Film City allows to experience our fantasy with its shifted visits. Various outings are composed in the premises of the Film City which are gone for the diverse parts of a motion picture – making, which are available to all who wish to encounter it. You can visit sets that portray remote areas appropriate here in Mumbai, or take in the subtleties of acting at the live film shoot visits. A land where it is hard to separate among the real world and dreams.
Cuisine of Mumbai
Mumbai is highly dominated by Maharashtrian food where vada pav is notable renowned street food. Other street food includes bhelpuri, panipuri, dahipuri, sevpuri, sandwiches, ragda pattice, pav bhaji, idli, and dosa. The aggregate of the diversity of street food is recognized to the multicultural culture of the city. In the 1980s Indo Chinese food a rising trend on Mumbai streets. Added widespread street food items comprise Misal Pav (spicy curry made of sprouted moth beans eaten with Pav, an Indian bread), and vegetable Frankie (a prevalent and low-cost version of wraps and rolls).
Kulfi and gola are amongst the dessert course and cool dishes set up on Mumbai streets. Apart from snacks, Mumbai has numerous juice and milkshake bars on the roadside that offer a diversity of juices and milkshakes. Fresh Sugarcane juice sellers are identical with Mumbai roads and offer a cheap form of drink. Tea vendors cycle everywhere the city, selling the beverage hot on the streets. Paan, a betel leaf is eaten as a mouth freshener post meals in India is also sold at Mumbai’s roadside stalls.
Climate of Mumbai
Among March and May, the warmth increments in Mumbai thus does the moistness. Daytime temperatures presently normal around 34°C and can undoubtedly push into the high 30s or even low 40s Celsius. By May the medium-term temperatures just fall back to around 27°C, making for an awkward ordeal for any individual who isn’t utilized to this sort of tropical atmosphere.
Brown haze in the city can be smothering in the mornings amid this period. Travelers have a tendency to abstain from visiting the city right now, yet on the off chance that you do visit, you’ll be sensible in the warmth. Drink a lot of water, and keep youngsters and the elderly in the shade however much as could reasonably be expected.
In winter, from December to February, the climate is typically hot and bright. Amid the day now and then it gets extremely hot, it is smarter to bring a sweatshirt for wellbeing.
The storm in Mumbai keeps going from June to early October, and is unquestionably extraordinary, since the wet flows come straightforwardly from the ocean: in July, even 800 millimeters (31.5 inches) of rainfall. In July and August, the sky is quite often shady, and relative mugginess is high, in spite of the fact that the ocean breeze gives a touch of help. In Mumbai, precipitation adds up to around 2,250 mm (89 in) every year.
How to Reach
Sahara International Airport is connected to several international airlines. These flights associate Mumbai to all the main international and domestic locations. The airport comprises two terminals, one is 30 km from the city center of Nariman point and other is 4 km from the domestic terminus at Santa Cruz.
Mumbai is very well associated to rest of India by trains. Trains traveling from Central, East and West India arrive at the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, or VT as it used to be called. Trains coming from the North arrive at Mumbai Central Station.
Mumbai is perfectly associated by a road network to the rest of India. The city’s public bus system BEST is one of the most proficient bus systems. It has a vast network of black-and-yellow taxis too. The fine roads of this city connect you to all big and small towns and tourist centers in the state of Maharashtra.