One of the planned modern city of India designed by the French architect Le Corbusier. The city and the adjoining area was constituted as union territory on 1st November 1966. Chandigarh bounded by Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. The total area comprises 114Sq.Km. The city set on the foothills of Shivalik at a height of 365 meters above the sea level. Geographically the city surrounded by two rivers named “the patiali ki rao” and “the Sukhna choe”
Being the capital of two states, Punjab and Haryana it plays a double role. The greenest cities of India, city focuses on the tree plantation majorly. The city comprises of numerous species of trees and flowers. The city surrounded by the districts like Mohali, Patiala, and Ropar in Punjab and Panchkula and Ambala in Haryana. Himachal Pradesh’s boundaries not too far from the city.
There is a base of three governments in Chandigarh. Chandigarh often called “pensioner Paradise”. Therefore a major percentage of Chandigarh’s population consists of either working for the government or retired from the government services.
A home to lakhs of refugees from Punjab and other states also a hub for professional studies that attracts students from diverse culture worldwide. Many students reside and study in the city. Making it the most affluent cities it has the highest per capita income. The most booming industry here real estate since 2000and now the property rate touching the skies. The properties expensive more than New York City. The restaurants, markets, pleasant parks, 24-hour power, and well-maintained streets always filled with the crowd all over the year. These are the significant reasons on which makes the city an ultimate tourist destination.
This city the dream city of India’s first Prime Minister, Sh. Jawaharlal Nehru and renowned as one of the finest experiments in urban planning and modern architecture in the 20th century.
This beautiful city has derived its name from the “Chandi Mandir” a temple located near the city. The goddess Chandi Devi the deity of power and a fort of “garh” situated aside the temple gave the city full name “Chandigarh”
- 1 Overview
- 2 Places to Explore
- 3 Cuisine
- 4 Climate
- 5 How to reach Chandigarh
- 6 Map of Chandigarh
The foundation stone of Chandigarh city laid down in 1952, also renowned as “the city beautiful “ the most modern cities of India. The name Chandigarh has two parts Chandi the deity – the goddess of power and Garh means dwelling place, which means dwelling place of the goddess. As the matter of fact in ancient times, Said that where the city placed a wide lake existed there. There were signs of Harappa civilizations eight thousand years ago.
While earlier the area belongs to the state of Punjab before the city came into existence, the idea to develop a new city considered in 1948 by the Government of Punjab. In 1966, the city became the capital of two states, Punjab and Haryana and acknowledged as a Union Territory.
Observed that the sectors in Chandigarh and Panchkula don’t have a Sector 13, a delusory belief that the no. 13 is not lucky. In Chandigarh, you would not notice any statue in parks or at the roundabout, a condition put by the architect Le Corbusier before designing. The adjacent towns of Chandigarh, Panchkula, and Mohali together called the ‘Tricity’. Chandigarh came into notice post-independence as the capital of Punjab at that time Lahore and required a new capital. Chandigarh’s official emblem the ‘Open Hand’ which denotes peace and reconciliation. The open hand reflects a positive message of ‘open to give and receive’. The network of roads in Chandigarh called the 7V’s, with the perpendicular roads, called the Trails (running northeast/southwest) and horizontal roads called Marg’s (running northwest and southeast).
Places to Explore
Chandigarh has the refinement of having an extraordinary world acclaimed Rock Garden, comprised of fine art objects, created from industrial and urban waste. Arranged between the capital complex and Sukhna Lake in Sector one. Settled amongst 20acres of woods in the form of an open-air exhibition hall, theatre trove and a miniature maze all rolled into one vast fantasy land of art and landscape.
A simple passage prompts a grand, nearly, surrealist game plan of rocks, stones, broken chinaware, disposed of fluorescent tubes, split and cast away glass bangles, building waste, coal, and mud all compared to make a fantasy people universe of royal residences, warriors, monkeys, town life, ladies and sanctuaries. The outside figures and covered portals isolating them at spots upgraded by a cascade, pools and an outdoor theater with legitimate stage setting. A few renowned exhibitions have been arranged in this little however extremely creative and naturalistic outside theater.
Arranged at the lower regions of Shivalik extend in the city, Sukhna lake situated at a distance of 6 km from Chandigarh bus station. A standout amongst the most pleasant man-made lakes in India and furthermore one of the best vacationers puts in Chandigarh.
The name Sukhna implies a desire – satisfied, the lake an ideal goal for isolation searchers. At the passage, there a Corbusier announcement ‘the maker of this lovely city of Chandigarh has likewise made this eye-getting man-made Sukhna Lake and furthermore a dam that makes this city significantly more wonderful. The territory around this lake exceptionally quiet and tranquil’.
The Sukhna Lake is additionally the living space of various fishes and transitory winged creatures like cranes and Siberian ducks. The promenade on the shores of the lake frequently swarmed by a flood of joggers and walkers. The beautiful magnificence of the lake fills in as a genuine enjoyment for the picture takers and craftsmen who love to catch the entrancing perspective. The best place to see both Sunrise and the Sunset.
Pinjore Gardens, otherwise called Yadavindra Gardens, an authentic garden situated at Pinjore town in Panchkula locale of Haryana state. Arranged on Ambala-Shimla Street, Pinjore Garden one of the best places to encounter Chandigarh Tourism.
Pinjore Garden was made in the seventeenth century by engineer Nawab Fidai Khan amid the early rule of his cultivate sibling Aurangzeb. The name Yadavindra Garden is given as an image of respect to Maharaja Yadavindra Singh of the Patiala line, the previous royals of Chandigarh. The garden has been set down including seven expansive porches. The fundamental door of the garden opening into the most astounding first patio, which has a castle worked in Rajasthan style. known as the ‘Shish Mahal’, royal residence of glass, or, in other words, a sentimental ‘Hawa Mahal’. The second porch has excellent curves and prompts the Rang Mahal or the Painted Palace. The third patio has cypress trees and flowerbeds prompting thick forests of natural product trees.
Based on a slant, the whole garden designed with various wellsprings. There are walkways on the sides of the channel which are delightfully fixed with rich green trees. A colossal structure lies at another finish of the channel, which has a patio. From that point, one can have terrific perspectives of the garden. There is additionally a little zoo here. The patio nurseries splendidly lit up during the evening. The Pinjore Baisakhi celebration in April and the Pinjore Mango celebration in June and July real attractions at the greenhouses. Exceptional projects composed in the garden amid the celebrations which pull in guests from each edge of the nation.
Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary
Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary an ensured natural life haven situated at the lower regions of Shivalik run in Chandigarh. One of the prominent untamed places in Chandigarh and furthermore outstanding amongst other spots to encounter Chandigarh Tourism. Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary set up in 1998. It frames the piece of Sukhna lake catchment zone falling in Shivalik slopes. Aside from the Sukhna Lake, there are around 150 little and huge water bodies in the Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary that structure its catchment territory. These water bodies likewise pull in transitory feathered creatures and have a rich populace of occupant winged creature species.
Siltation a major issue for the Sukhna Lake that must be handled and limited by many building and soil preservation techniques. A substantial scale afforestation program taken up in the catchment regions that brought about a decent timberland cover created in the catchment zone and the issue of siltation of the lake likewise tended to successfully. The profound backwoods zone that developed in size more than five decades wound up home to a substantial assortment of creatures and plants. This timberland was then assigned as Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary.
Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary a home-wide assortment of Mammals, winged creatures, reptiles, butterflies and miniaturized scale living beings. Sambar, Spotted Deer, Pangolin, Wild pig, Jackal, Small Indian Civet, Jungle Cat, Porcupine, Hanuman Langur, Rhesus Monkey, Indian Hare, Common-Mongoose, Common rodent, and Squirrel are the noticeable creatures found here. There are in excess of 150 assortments of winged creatures including oceanic feathered creatures which incorporate Peacock, Red wilderness fowl, Gray partridge, Cuckoos, Night jugs, Golden Oriole, Kingfisher, Swifts, Hoopoes and different sparrows. There are assortments of reptiles including snakes like Cobra, Rat wind, Common Krait, Russell’s snake, Indian Python, and basic Monitor, Turtle and so forth.
Mata Mansa Devi Temple a Hindu sanctuary arranged at Bilaspur town in Panchkula locale of Haryana. It is a well-known sanctum in Panchkula and furthermore one of the best places of a journey in Chandigarh.
The sanctuary is devoted to goddess Mansa Devi, a type of Shakti. As indicated by the Hindu folklore, the head of Devi Sati had fallen here. One of the unmistakable Shakti sanctuaries of North India. Spread over a territory of 100 sections of land, Mansa Devi Temple essentially houses two sanctuaries. The sanctuary that situated close to the parking area said to be the primary sanctuary. There are four different sanctuaries in the complex and these sanctuaries indicate four minarets at four corners with a vault on its best. The arches are onion formed and remain on a lengthened circulator drum. The exterior of the sanctuary indicates small scale vaulted nooks. Bordering to the sanctuary, there is an excellent garden comprising of hallowed plants.
Consistently two Navratri melas are composed in the long stretch of Aswin and other in the period of Chaitra by the Shrine Board. Lakhs of enthusiasts pay deference amid the Navratri Mela held in Ashwin and Chaitra and sanctuaries stay open for the duration of the day. These melas are of 9 days length each time and finishes up on a ninth day. The holy place Board makes expound game plans for the agreeable remain and darshan of the aficionados.
Japanese Garden a most recent stop situated in Sector 31 in association region of Chandigarh. This is the first since forever plant in Chandigarh with the Japanese touch.
Japanese Garden has been created at an expense of Rs. 6 crores by the Indian Government. The garden planned to utilize Japanese design and every one of the components in the garden given an exceptional Japanese touch. Spread over a territory of 13 sections of land, the recreation center comprises of two stages. The Phase-1 of the recreation center introduced in 2014 and Phase-2 of the recreation center opened to open in 2016. Both the periods of the recreation center are associated by an underground passage adorned by delightful Japanese artistic creations on the two sides.
This Japanese style stops exhibit the Japanese culture, workmanship and different kinds of plants. The principal attractions of this garden incorporate a pagoda tower, reflection hovel, Zen plant, statues of Buddha, a little lake with imagining crocodiles, a scaffold over the lake and significantly more. There 4 water bodies in the garden and wooden extensions have been built over them. Around evening time, the garden looks surprising as the walk-ways have been enlightened with Japanese lights.
International Dolls Museum
International Dolls Museum an exhibition hall situated at Bal Bhavan in Sector 23, Chandigarh. Extraordinary compared to other dolls historical centers in India and furthermore one of the significant spots of touring in Chandigarh.
Worldwide Dolls Museum built up in the year 1985 by Chandigarh organization in a joint effort with the Rotary Club of Chandigarh. The gallery is working under the direction of the Indian Council of Child Welfare, Chandigarh. It was set up to entertain the children. It comprises 250 various types of dolls and manikins assembled from various nations like Denmark, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, Russia and Korea and so on.
The historical center isolated into four segments – International dolls, Indian dolls, Activity corner, and History of dolls. The Indian dolls gathered from all conditions of the nation and spruced up in territory particular clothing types that exhibit the way of life and way of life of the district. Additionally, a fascinating segment here has a place with dolls speaking to mainstream fable characters like Aladdin, Ali Baba, Cinderella, Sleeping Beauty, and Snow White. Every one of them composed and made by nearby specialists. The historical center arranged so that it entrances kids as well as individuals of all age gatherings.
The gigantic model of the German railroad station, at the center of the presentation corridor, likewise a visual enjoyment. Ten wall paintings of the critical tourist spots of various nations, with shaded blowups, shape the background for the presentation of dolls. Set up as a diversion center point for children, International Dolls Museum has transformed into a noteworthy vacation destination of the city.
Iskcon Sri Radha Madhav Temple
Sri Radha Madhav Temple, prevalently known as ISKCON Temple, arranged in Sector 36B of Chandigarh. One of the renowned sanctuaries of ISKCON and furthermore one of the best places of the journey in Chandigarh. ISKCON Temple in Chandigarh built in 1978 by Srila Prabhupada. Committed to Lord Krishna and Radharani, Sri Radha Madhav Temple a position of love for the devotees of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness. Spreads more than 3 sections of land of prime land, this terrific sanctuary is referred to worldwide as a feature of the ISKCON development and offers classes and disperses booklets on the lessons of Lord Krishna.
Sri Radha Madhav Temple has a dazzling design with a vast number of spaces for the sanctuary ministers, a garden and visitor house. The sanctuary has a substantial lobby for the fans to implore which attempted to be the biggest in any North Indian sanctuary. Extraordinary move exhibitions held amid the aartis.
Le Corbusier Center
Le Corbusier Center an old building situated in Sector 19 of Chandigarh. One of the vital legacy spots to visit in Chandigarh. The Swiss-French engineer utilized the workplace while conceptualizing the city right around six decades back. The Center shows and displays the life and works of Le Corbusier, so vacationers and future ages might have the capacity to familiarize themselves with the rich social legacy of the city.
This Museum has reports, plans, and photographs of Le Corbusier, alongside exciting letters illuminating the governmental issues following the task, and furthermore one from Jawaharlal Nehru to the Chief Minister of Punjab. As this middle shows what commitments have done by Le Corbusier to make this excellent city Chandigarh. The exhibition hall comprises of work of painting and workmanship, and be an indication of the consonant association of Le Corbusier design, sketches, figures, furniture propose and his compositions which are selective and most likely the just a single such available structure in the mankind.
Shanti Kunj a quiet place situated between the Rose Garden and the Cricket Stadium in Sector 16 of Chandigarh. It is one of the wonderful patio nurseries to visit in Chandigarh. Shanti Kunj cultivates in Chandigarh arranged in an extremely quiet place that is free from any commotion and contamination. In this manner, it appropriately named as Shanti Kunj. An expansive measure of trees and plants in the garden give mitigating impact even in sweltering summer months. There various herbs and restorative plants in this garden which give brilliant recuperating impact. Shanti Kunj cultivates isolated into five sections by a characteristic stream moving through the garden.
Paratha a well-known dish in Chandigarh. The primary breakfast things in Chandigarh the different diverse paranthas made out of flour/wheat loaded down with various vegetables. Individuals devour a ton of parathas in various varieties. Aloo Ka paratha, Mooli Ka paratha, Methi Ka paratha, Gobi ka paratha, Punjabi Lachha Paratha, Kulcha, Chole bhature . The parathas generally presented with dahi, raita or aachar (pickles).
The fundamental component of Punjabi nourishment the broad utilization of margarine, cream, ghee, and cheddar. Their dinners more often than not comprise of heartbeats cooked on a moderate fire with the conventional Punjabi tadka. In the classification of refreshments, one name that genuinely merits a notice is the Punjab-di-Lassi.
With regards to North Indian cooking, the primary thing that strikes mind the Punjabi conventional sustenance. Nothing particular to the extent the Chandigarh food concerned. Chiefly the Punjabi sustenance that structures some portion of cooking of Chandigarh, India. Punjabi cooking prominent among Indians, as well as among the outsiders. The staple sustenance primarily comprises of wheat-based rotis, paranthas, and naan.
Prevalent Punjabi veggie lover dishes Makki di Roti, Sarson ka Saag, Dal Makhni, Kadhi, Punjabi Chole, Palak Paneer, Stuffed Vegetable Punjabi Paranthas and Baingan da Bhurtha. Non-veg dishes Margarine Chicken, Punjabi Lachha Paratha Chicken Tikkas Amritsari Fish
Chandigarh appreciates an extraordinary atmosphere with sweltering summers (March to June) and crisp winters (November to February). The storm season, however charming in the nights, damp amid the daytime. The best season to visit Chandigarh harvest time (August to November), when the climate lovely, neither excessively hot nor excessively cool.
How to reach Chandigarh
Chandigarh available from most real urban areas like Delhi and Jaipur.
The air terminal 11 km from the principal city. Different carriers associate Chandigarh to the next fundamental urban areas of the nation like New Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Amritsar, Kullu, Indore, and Dharamshala.
Every day trains associate Chandigarh to Delhi. Chandigarh likewise all around connected to different urban communities of the nation like Mumbai, Kolkata, Lucknow, Chennai, and so on through rail.
National Highway 21 and 22 interfaces Chandigarh to various urban communities in the nation. Chandigarh associated by street to states, for example, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, and Himachal Pradesh.