Indian Railways one of the world’s biggest railroad arrange comprises of cargo, travelers, vacationer, Suburban rail frameworks, toy prepare, and extravagance trains. IR has 4,337 working railroad stations, operates on a multi-measure system of expansive, meter and limited checks. Indian Railways isolated into 16 zones and Locomotives comprise of electric and diesel trains.
Indian Railways comes under the Ministry of Railways manages the fourth largest railway network in the world with having 121407 kilometers of track. Out of which 49 percent route electrified with 25 KV AC and rest are double tracked. Carries more than 20 thousands passenger daily on both long distance and rural routes from 7349 stations across India. Run at an average speed of 50.6 kilometers per hour. 9200 freight trains run daily. Average speed 24 kilometers per hour.
The railway plans for India were proposed in the year 1832 at Madras. Red Hill Railway the nation’s first train which was made by Arthur Cotton in 1832 from Red Hills to the Chintradripet Bridge Madras to transport granite marble for constructing roads. Another train named Godavari Dam Construction Railway constructed in 1845 to supply stone for building a dam on Godavari River. Built by Cotton in Rajahmundry. Proby Cautley constructed the solani railway in Roorkee to transport construction materials for a channel on Solani River.
On 16th April 1853, the first passenger train of the country dragged by the 3 steam engines named (Sahib, Sultan, and Sindh) carrying 400 people in 14 coaches and ran about 21 kilometers between Bori Bunder station and Thane. India’s first railway bridge constructed on the river Ulhas in May 1854. On 15th August 1854, eastern India’s first passenger train ran from the Howrah to Hooghly.
The management regional zone of Indian Railways created in the year 1951, central and western on 5 November, southern on 14 April. Sleeping coaches, lights, fans, and some relevant services started in the year 1951 and mandated for all compartments. The fully air-conditioned train was established in the year 1956 from Howrah to Delhi. After 10 years in 1966, the freight service train introduced between Mumbai to Ahmedabad. The computerized ticketing and reservations started in the year 1986.
India’s first fastest train Shatabdi Express started between New Delhi and Jhansi and later expanded to Bhopal. SPTM first started in New Delhi. SPTM the Self-printing ticket machine. Indian Railways introduced the first three-tier coaches and sleeper class in the year 1993.
Palace of Wheels.
Royal Rajasthan on Wheels
The Deccan Odyssey
The Mahaparinirvan Express
Here are some Interesting facts about Indian Railways
- On 16th April 1853, the first Passenger Train started between Bombay to Thane.
- The first Railway Bridge constructed named Dapoorie Viaduct on the Mumbai-Thane route.
- The First Rail Tunnel named Parsik Tunnel.
- Thal and Bhore Ghats are the first Ghats Covered by the Rail lines.
- Calcutta METRO the First Underground Railway.
- In 1986 the First Computerized Reservation System started in New Delhi.
- On 3rd Feb’ 1925 the first Electric Train started between Bombay VT and Kurla station.
- In 1891, Toilets on trains were introduced for the 1st Class coach & in 1907 for lower classes coach.
- IB in Orissa the Shortest Station Name
- Sri Venkatanarasimharajuvariapeta in Tamil Nadu the Longest Station Name.
- In Lucknow, around 64 train’s runs every day makes it a busiest Railway Station-
- The Vivek Express has the longest Run Time, 3715 km in Approx. 71 hrs.
- Shortest run route between Nagpur to Ajni about 3 kilometers.
- Longest Run for Daily Train Kerala Express around 3054 km in 42.5 hours
- Longest Non-Stop Run in distance of Trivandrum Rajdhani around 528 km in 6.5 hours
- Kharagpur station which 2,733 ft in length the longest Railway Platform in the World
- Nehru Setu on Sone River length of 10044ft the longest Railway Bridge.
- Fairy Queen built in 1855 still in working order the oldest Preserved Locomotive.
- Bhopal Shatabdi which runs at a speed up to 140 Km/ph. the Indian Railway’s Fastest Train
- Howrah Amritsar Express has around 115 halts. The Train with Maximum Number of Halts.