Cellular jail- Saza-e-Kalapaani

Cellular jail- Saza-e-Kalapaani


  • The Cellular Jail is one of the dark sections in the historical background of India. The development of the jail began in 1896 by the British government and was finished in 1906.
  • Originally Puce colored blocks were used to manufacture the building and were brought from Burma, today referred as Myanmar.
  • The building had seven wings and a sum of 698 cells, every cell was 4.5 meters x 2.7 meters or 15×8 feet in the measure, at the focal point was utilized by watchmen to keep watch on the prisoners.
  • 238 prisoners, who attempted to get away from the jail in March 1868 were caught in April, from which 87 were hanged.
  • An ever-increasing number of nationalists who raised voice against the Britishers are accused and thrown here. The island turned into a well-suited place for the British to ignore the freedom fighters.
  • The name, “cell imprison”, got from the singular cells which kept the prisoners from speaking with other. The Jail once served a rural jail and was otherwise called Kaala Paani or ‘dark water imprison.’
  • The prison was called Kaala Paani because of the fact that inside and out the prison was surrounded by the ocean is claimed to be the national landmark.
  • The Cellular Jail recalls of the time when prisoners were treated inhumanly by the cold-blooded Britishers.
  • Prisoners were made to work in the harsh climatic conditions and were not even granted water and breaks. The Cellular Jail used to be one of the greatest.
The Historical view of Cellular Jail
The Historical view of Cellular Jail

Interesting facts:

  • The fundamental reason for the prison was to segregate the individual from outside world and break all the connections with their family and companions.
  • The cell imprison was developed by the British on the Andaman Island from 1896-1906 to torture the criminals, generally Indian freedom fighters.
  • Toilets didn’t exist. No lights. Horrifying physical torture and nightmarish condition. This was only 0.001% of what the prisoners had to bear!
  • The meals of prisoners used to contain worm-filled bread and boiled wild grass. Rainwater with creepy crawlies was given as drinking water to the prisoners.
  • The groups of prisoners who passed away in jail were simply tossed into the ocean.
  • The prisoners were not allowed to speak with each other, the cells were developed in such a way that every cell entryway confronted to the back of the other cell.
  • The prisoners were given day to day targets of work – to deliver 30 pounds of coconut oil and 10 pounds of mustard oil, an objective that was difficult to accomplish regardless of whether they all gets punished. And if the prisoners did not meet their targets they had to face extreme tortures and punishments by the Jailers.
  • The prisoners were made to wear sack material garbs with binds, neck ring shackles and bar chains.
  • The prisoners had to confront the brutalities of the jail authorities’ while they were already living for their survival in the swarmed and messy environment of the cellular jail.
  • Diwan Singh, the chief of well-being in the Indian Independence League met with (then) senator to seek the cruel treatment of the prisoners. He was captured and tortured for 82 days, hung by the hair to the roof by the Japanese and his nails were pulled from fingers, every day, he was made to sit on a consuming charcoal stove, they did whatever they could, and he passed on Jan 14, 1944.
  • The local tribes that used to live in the Andaman Islands previously now shifted inside the timberlands. Some have been resettled.

Structure of Cellular jail:

  • The structure was worked with seven wings in jail. Each wing was three-storied. The building had an aggregate of 663 cells with one prisoner in every cell.
  • A focal pinnacle with seven wings spread crosswise over to keep watch on each wing. Each wing was composed such that the front of one wing confronted the back of the other, thus, ceasing any interchanges between the convicts.
  • Every cell was 13′ by 7′ in the measure. The back divider had a 3″ x 2″ high ventilator with a ledge tallness of 10″. A wide (7″ or 8″, maybe) entry kept running before the cells.
Model of the structure of Cellular Jail
Model of the structure of Cellular Jail.

Prison Museum:

The Cellular Jail or Kala Pani at Andaman additionally has an exhibition hall which takes the visitor back to the time when freedom fighters truly gave their life and blood for their homeland. The historical center comprises of photographs of freedom fighters, show display, craftsmanship exhibition and an exceptional gallery devoted to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. A library on the freedom movement is likewise present inside the Cellular Jail.

The coins that were used during those days, showcased at Prisoner Museum
The coins that were used during those days, showcased at Prisoner Museum