Kumbh Mela a comprehensive Hindu pilgrimage of faith in which Hindus gather to take a bath in a holy or holy river. Traditionally, four fairs widely known as Kumbh fairs: Prayagraj Kumbh Mela, Haridwar Kumbh Mela, Nasik-Trimbakeshwar Simhastha, and Ujjain Simhastha. These four fair periodically rotated in one of the following places: Allahabad (Prayagraj), Haridwar, Nashik district (Nashik and Trimbak), and Ujjain. The central site for the festival is located on the banks of a river: Ganga (Ganga) in Haridwar, Sangam (Sangam) of Ganga and Yamuna and Invisible Saraswati in Allahabad, the Godavari in Nashik, And Shipra in Ujjain By taking bath in these rivers, where all their sins remedied.
Kumbh Mela, also called Hindu Mela, Kumbh Mela, a religious festival, celebrated four times during 12 years, between four sacred rivers, among the four places of pilgrimage, Haridwar, in Ujjain. Shipra in Nashik, and Prayag (modern Allahabad). The celebration of each site based on a different set of astrological posts of Sun, Moon, and Jupiter, which at the most accurate time if they remain fully on these positions. The Kumbh Mela in Prayag, in particular, attracts millions of pilgrims. Apart from this, a great Kumbh Mela festival organized every 144 years in Prayag; The 2001 festival drew attention to 60 million people.
Kumbh Mela, the world’s largest sacred and divine fair. United Nations Organization, UNESCO has given the elusive cultural heritage of humanity to the Kumbh Mela. According to the UNESCO Expert Committee, Kumbh Mela is the amplest, serene spiritual gathering on earth, where people of different classes join without any discrimination.
Meaning of Kumbh
Kumbh means Kalash. Holy Kalash the choice of Kumbh. In Hindu civilization, Kalash a special significance. Lord Vishnu the face of the Kalash, the Rudra neck, the Brahma the base, all the ladies are the central part of the urn and all the ocean water inside the urn.
Kumbh Mela – The confluence of the four Vedas In this way, the meaning of Kumbh completely flawless. A sign of self-awareness. This is an infinite stream of humanity. Kumbh the union of nature and humanity. Kumbh the source of energy. Kumbh man’s sin, virtue, and light realize the darkness; The human body composed of five elements: fire, air, water, earth, and sky.
Kumbh and Mahakumbh
The word ‘semi’ means that half a Kumbh after six years and for this reason, during the period of full moon, which lived in twelve years, i.e. six years after Kumbh In Haridwar and Prayag, there occurs a semi-Kumbh(Kumbh) between two Kumbh (Maha Kumbh) festivals in intervals of six years. Semi or half Kumbh organized every six years on the banks of Sangam (Sangam). For purity, the semi-Kumbh also attracts millions of pilgrims from all over the world.
Places of Kumbh Mela
Kumbh festival the most comprehensive collection of devotees for any religious purpose in the world. Millions of people do present during the holy fair – Kumbh Mela Kumbh Mela organized in four cities – Nasik, Allahabad, Ujjain, and Haridwar.
In Hinduism, the festival of Mahakumbh celebrated every 12 years on the banks of holy rivers – Ganga in Haridwar, Kshipra in Ujjain, the Godavari in Nasik and Sangam in Allahabad where the Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati meet.
Prayagraj Kumbh Mela
According to astrologers, Kumbh Mela organized when Jupiter enters the Kumbh and when the Sun enters the Aries. In Prayag (Allahabad), Kumbh more important than other Kumbh because it leads to light. Prayag a place where the symbol of wisdom the rise of the sun. Prayag considered being the origin of the universe and the center of the Earth. Believed that before the creation of the universe, Lord Brahma had performed Ashwamedh Yajna here. Dashmesh Ghat and Brahmeshwar Temple still present here as a symbol of this yagna. Due to this sacrifice, the Mahakumbh also has special significance. Mahakumbh and Prayag synonymous to each other.
Haridwar Kumbh Mela
Haridwar located at the bottom of the Shivalik mountain range of the Himalayas. In ancient texts, Haridwar known by names such as Tapovan, Mayapuri, Gangadwar, and Mokshvadwar. The religious significance of Haridwar very high, and it is an important pilgrimage place for the Hindus. The calculation of the date of the fair requires the position of Sun, Moon, and Jupiter.
Kumbh Mela Nashik
Kumbh Mela of 12 Jyotirlingas in India situated in the holy city of Trashkameshwar in Nasikovan. Located 38 kilometers from Nashik and the place of Godavari river also in Nashik. Once in 12 years, Simhastha Kumbh Mela organized in Nashik and Trimbakeshwar. According to historical evidence, Nashik one of those four places where some drops of nectar dropped from the nectar urn. By bathing in Godavari’s holy water thousands of devotees pray in Kumbh Mela for the purification and salvation of their soul. The festival of Shivratri also celebrated here with great enthusiasm.
Kumbh Mela Ujjain
Simhastha Ujjain Bathujen means the city of victory and situated on the western border of Madhya Pradesh. It is about 55 km from Indore, which is situated on the banks of the Shipra river. Kumbh Mela is held on the banks of the Shipra river in Ujjain. one of the sacred and spiritual places of India. According to astrology, zero degree starts with Ujjain. Ujjain is one of seven sacred Moksha Puri or Satpura Puri, according to the Mahabharata’s Annapurna. The others comprise Ayodhya, Kashi, Kanchipuram, Mathura, Haridwar, and Dwarka.
In Prayagraj, listening to the word “Kumbh” creates a picturesque view of Triveni Sangam in one’s mind. On the holy confluence of rivers, a huge crowd full of the spirit of devotion runs like waves in the ocean. The holy ‘darshan’ of the akhadas, ‘royal Sanatan’, chanting of Vedic chants and echo of religious hymns in the pandals, declaration of knowledge, principles of rituals, spiritual music, melodious sound of musical instruments, a holy dip in the confluence with utmost devotion attracts the hearts of devotees. Immense joy Apart from this, prayers offered in many divine temples, which show the greatness of Prayagraj Kumbha.
The Kumbh Mela in Prayag a very different in comparison to Kumbh at other places for many reasons. First of all, the long tradition of Kalpavas prevalent in Prayag. Secondly, Triveni Sangam considered being the center of the Earth in some scriptures. Thirdly, Lord Brahma sacrificed here for the creation of the universe. Fourth, Prayagraj is called pilgrimage of pilgrimage, but the most important reason that the significance of performing rituals and penance in Prayagraj the highest in all pilgrimages and offers the highest virtue.
In ‘Matsya Purana’, Maharishi Markandey told Yudhishthar that this place is specially preserved by all the Gods. Staying here for a month and fulfilling full tenacity, remaining Brahmacharya and fulfilling all desires for worshiping their god and ancestors. It is believed that the person who dips in holy water relieves his ten generations from the cycle of rebirth, and therefore, obtains salvation. Apart from this, it is said that only during the Kumbh, providing services to pilgrims in Prayag will help a person get rid of temptation. Prayag is visited by millions of pilgrims because these beliefs present there. Saint, ascetic and his followers pay their respect and do various traditional rituals in Triveni Sangam. The rapture of the unbelieving devotees seems to be seen in the rituals being performed.
The Kumbh Mela in Prayag is for about 55 days, which spreads in thousands of hectares, and becomes the largest almanac city in the world. The regularity of this festival, which has continued since ancient times, is unique in itself. The ever-increasing pressure of the population and the expansion of the cities is done by events like rivers and Kumbh, which adorn the rivers of an intense state of the creators of the world. Every Indian has a deep sense of devotion and faith in the veins since eternity.
After independence, various rules framed as a result of some changes in organizing the Kumbh Mela. The government made provisions for providing basic amenities to pilgrims. In order to understand the importance of Kumbh and to understand the needs of a large number of pilgrims coming to the fair, the government took several steps in the public interest to facilitate pilgrims.
Important to provide security services, better traffic management, lighting, and health facilities and to ensure it. It is difficult to say who took charge of these facilities before the government made the provision. However, after passing the law, the government has the responsibility to provide basic facilities. On the same lines, the formation of Prayagraj Fair Authority 2018 an important step towards organizing the scale of Kumbh.
With the formation of Prayagraj Fair Authority, it will be ensured that basic facilities can be provided to devotees who visited the fair in Kumbh 2019. For Kumbh 2019, modern techniques being deployed to enhance the ‘Divinity’of Kumbh. Gates on various topics will welcome pilgrims and information boards will guide them to their destination. The spacious Pandal and Tent will provide accommodation for pilgrims and visitors. Different lighting arrangements made including lighting on the beach which will include pilgrims in various colors. In addition, various food items and gourmet food in the food courts will satisfy the hunger for pilgrims.
Every day a sacred bath in the Mahakumbh of Haridwar, which runs from Makar Sankranti to Vaisakh Purnima and there is also a unique bath on some days. Apart from this, three royal baths On such occasions, activities of saints and saints are the center of attraction for pilgrims. In Kumbh, the monks and saints of thirteen atoms gather at the Kumbh location. People come to the streets to see this journey coming out of the streets of Haridwar. In such a way, the lifestyle of these saints awakens in everyone’s mind, especially Naga saints, who do not wear clothes and keep ashes on their bodies. The devotees standing on the path, shower flowers on saints, give money, travel through different complexes. In the same sequence, they all bath at the paws of all.
Each year, the Magh Mela starts in the month of Makar Sankranti, which is the first important bath day according to the religious Hindu calendar. This crowd of pilgrims starts at the confluence of auspicious dates and starts with a holy bath. A large number of people come here annually and live in temporary homes or tents at the confluence, spend a whole month in prayer. This period has been recognized as “Kalpvas”. Sat Yuga, Tretayug, Dwaparyug, and Kalyug – stated in the ancient Hindu Vedas, “Kalp” period equal to the total years in every Hindu era.
It said that seeing the purity of “Kalpavas”, a devotee can remove the sins of the previous life and leave the cycle of birth and karma (verb). During each day of the Magh Mela, a Kalpvas pray in the Ganga of the rising sun. Most Kalpvas take a meal once a day. At the end of Kalpavas, Kalpvas Bed and all things to donate “.
How to Reach Prayagraj
Prayagraj city well connected to all major cities of India through the Indian Railway Network. Prayagraj Airport located 12 km from the city in Bamrauli. It connects to the following cities: Delhi, Lucknow, Patna, Indore and Nagpur.
Prayagraj city well connected to the national and state highway network for transport by road. State buses available from many major destinations across the country. Routes available and booking can be done from UPSRTC (Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation). Many private operators run private buses on routes from major cities.