Republic day The Birth of Constitution of  India

Republic day The Birth of Constitution of India

The Constitution of India came into effect on January 26, 1950, was selected as Republic Day on 26th January because it was this day in 1930 when the declaration of Indian independence – full swaraj was declared as a protest by the Indian National Congress. Dominion status offered by British rule. Republic day honors the date of implementation of the Constitution of India in place of the Indian Government Act (1935) as the Act of the Constitution of India on January 26, 1950.

The Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, leading the country to become an independent republic. The date 26 January selected as Republic Day as on this day in the year 1930 when the declaration of Indian independence was declared adverse to the Dominion status proposed by the British government by the Indian National Congress.

india camels
Image Source


Republic Day a national holiday of India which celebrated every year on 26th January. This day celebrates the anniversary of the Constitution of India and the Republic of India from the British Dominion on January 26, 1950. After independence from the British rule on August 15, 1947, until the implementation of the Constitution of India till January 26, 1950, India’s leadership was in the hands of King George VI. India declared as a democratic republic nation on this day. The first President of India was Dr. Rajendra Prasad.

Republic Day celebrated with great pride and enthusiasm throughout India. Every year this year a grand parade organized in New Delhi. The parade starts with Rashtrapati Bhavan (Presidential Palace), Rajpath, near India Gate and near Red Fort, from Raisina Hill. Different regiments of Army, Air Force, and Navy participate in the parade with all its exquisiteness and official decorations.

On this day, Indians proudly flutter their tricolor, sing patriotic songs like “Vande Mataram”, “Jana Gana Mana” and pay tribute to all the freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives to gain freedom for India.

indian dancers
Image Source


India got independence on August 15, 1947, from the British rule. No permanent constitution of the country was present during that period. This presented to the National Assembly on 4th November 1947 as the first draft of the Indian Constitution. The first draft of the Indian Constitution was signed by the National Assembly on 24 January 1950 in both versions, i.e. English and Hindi.

Later that period, the Constitution of India came into existence on Republic Day. Since then, on January 26, India celebrated  Republic Day. On this day, India declared as a full Swaraj country and in this way, we started celebrating this day as the anniversary of the full Swaraj Day.

The Constitution of India gave Indian citizens the right to choose their government. Dr. Rajendra Prasad took oath as the first President of India in the Darbar Hall in the Government House. India a great history behind celebrating Republic Day.

republic day
Image Source

The Ceremony

President Rajendra Prasad participated in the first Republic Day Parade in Rajpath, New Delhi in 1950. The main Republic Day celebration held in front of the President of India at Rajpath in the National Capital, New Delhi. On this day, festivals are organized on Rajpath, which done as a tribute to India, Its unity in diversity and prosperous cultural heritage.

Delhi Republic Day Parade

Delhi Republic Day Parade organized by the Ministry of Defense in New Delhi. Being in front of India Gate from the Gates of Raisina Hill on Rashtrapati Bhavan (Presidential Residence), Rajpath, this program the main attraction of the Republic Day celebrations of India that lasted three days. The parade depicts India’s defense capability, cultural and social heritage.

In addition to the Navy, twelve to 9 different regiments of Indian Army, and the Air Force march past with their band in all its nuances and official decorations.  Twelve groups of different paramilitary forces and other civilian forces of India also participated in this parade.

Republic day
Image Source

Beating Retreat

The Beating Retreat Festival officially organized after the end of Republic Day celebrations. Organized on the third day after the Republic Day on the evening of 29 January. Done by the band’s three wings, Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force. Besides, this site located at Raisina Hill and an adjoining square, Vijay Chowk, which runs towards the end of Rajpath from the northern and southern block of Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Beating Retreat Ceremony at Vijay Chowk
Image Source

As the matter of fact, the chief guest of the ceremony the President of India, who comes to escorts by a cavalier unit (PBG). When the President arrives, PBG asks the commander unit to give a national salute, after which the Indian National League, Jana Gana Mana played by the army. The army largely develops a performance demonstration by the band, in which the band of military band, pipes and drum bands, buglers and various Army Regiment, besides the Navy and Air Force bands participate, which are popular like Abide On Me, Mahatma Gandhi’s favorite In the end, bhajans, and all the better than where the tunes play.

beating retreat
Image Source

Republic  Day 2019 Arrangements

  1. This year 2019 festival special because it held on the 150th birth anniversary of the Father of the Nation. By celebrating Mahatma Gandhi, the annual festival start from Republic Day.
  2. About 17 out of the States / Union Territories this year and about 6 tableaux be from different ministries. This year’s tableau will be based on ‘Gandhi’ theme.
  3. Honorable representatives of Pravasi Bhartiya Divas 2019 (from 21 to 23 January 2019. Organized in Varanasi also come to Rajpath to become the grand witness of the 70th Indian Republic Day celebrations.
  4. Prime Minister inaugurates War National War Memorial ‘near India Gate on the eve of Republic Day. Who honored the soldiers sacrificing their lives for the country. The IAF will make a special fly-past with three helicopters and SU 30 Jets on this occasion.
  5. This year, the Indian Air Force fly a plane, which runs on mixed-biodegradation on the fly-past of Republic Day 2019.  It will 10 percent biofuels. On the Rajpath, the aircraft will fly with shape V ‘shape formation, which will be like’ Victory ‘sign.

    Republic Day parade
    Image Source


  1. For the Republic Day Parade 2019, the Rehabilitation Rajpath been started by all the contestants of the Armed Forces and the full dress rehearsals be held on January 23. About 600 children will also be performing in the parade on Rajpath.
  2. The Republic Day Parade also be included in the M777 Howitzer and K9 Vajra, self-propelled gun in 2019, which the latest guns involved in the Indian Army. T-90 tank, SU-30, MiG-29, Jaguar aircraft also be the highlight of the parade.
  3. A team of Indian Air Force march on the path of astronauts in the parade on the Rajpath and this year the theme of the tableau of the Indian Air Force Air Indian Air Force: Safe Indian sky.
  4. This will be the first time that a female officer leads the army service corps in the 2019 Republic Day parade. This year the Daredevils motorcycle team will also include a women officer.
  5. The first time in history that all the women of Assam Rifles, one of the oldest paramilitary forces in India, participate in the Republic Day Parade this year.
  6. The Republic Day 2019 parade tickets are available from 07 January to 25 January and from 27 January to 28 January for the Beating Retreat Festival at various locations and sales counters in Delhi.

    Republic Day parade air
    Image Source

Republic Day Celebration

Republic Day a national holiday in the country. Moreover, The main attraction of the day the Republic Day Parade in the capital city of New Delhi. Participate in the annual program run for approximately three hours throughout the country. The parade starts from Rajghat under the chairmanship of the President of India and the Prime Minister. Army, Navy and Armed Forces march on their way, saluting freedom fighters and eminent personalities.

Therefore, another important part of celebrating Republic Day in New Delhi horse-march. National Cadet Corps (NCC) and selected Scout Boys are a part of this event. The parade followed by the regional dance, patriotic songs, and military bike shows. To see a spectacular show on Republic Day in India, stay in New Delhi during your visit to India.

Republic day
Image Source

The chief guest for Republic Day of India 2019

Fifth and current President of South Africa “Mattamela Cyril Ramphosa” be the chief guest of India’s 70th Republic Day 2019.  Siril Ramfausa invited by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during the G20 summit, held in Buenos Aires, the capital of Argentina. Selected (from South Africa) specifically for this occasion because India celebrating the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. Who very close relations with the people of South Africa. However, PM Modi said visit of South African President to India would help in enhancing the relations between the countries.

Republic day chief guest
Image Source

Map Of New Delhi