The Nahargarh fort stands on the edge of the Aravali hills, which is seen from Jaipur city of Rajasthan state of India. Along with the Amber Fort and Jaigarh Fort, Nahargarh once made a strong defense ring for the city. The name of the fort was originally Sudarshangarh but it is known as Nahargarh, which means ‘residence of tigers’. The popular belief is that Nahar stands here for Nahar Singh Bhomia, whose soul demolishes this place and hinders the construction of the fort. Nahar’s soul was restored by constructing a temple in his memory within the fort, which was thus known by his name.
Before Jaipur was made the capital of Rajasthan, the princess city of Amer was long as Rajput’s capital. In the 1600s the city was getting bored with activity and markets. The fort was protected by the Nahargarh fort along with the Amber Fort and the fort of Jaigad. Nahargarh is situated on the side of a beautiful lake along the Aravalli hills. With an excellent view, there is a food court and a restaurant on top of the fort. The fort now has a Jaipur wax museum and a glass palace.
Shahi Rajasthan is a combination of several principals which were mostly under the rule of Rajput rulers. During his reign, all the rulers built innumerable forts and palaces. One such magnificent architectural stone is the Nahargarh Fort of Jaipur. A fort of the city, this fort was originally named Sudarshangarh fort. Later, its name was changed to Nahargarh Fort, which means ‘residence of tigers’. Situated on the hill of Aravali, the fort is quite popular for presenting a spectacular view of the surroundings. One of the most popular tourist attractions of Jaipur, Nahargarh Fort has a wall which connects it to nearby Jaigarh Fort.
The fort was invincible but a witness to several important battles such as the incident of a treaty between the Marathas and the rulers of Jaipur in the 18th century. During the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, there has been a refuge for many European people, including the wife of the British accident.
History of Nahargarh Fort
The Nahargarh fort was built in 1734 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, founder of the city of Jaipur, marked with the abundance of significant historical events. In the summer it was used as a palace, this fort was never attacked in its long and glorious history. However, it has been the site of major historical events such as signing treaties with the Maratha forces in the 18th century. It is also seen that the fort was constructed by Rathore Raj Kumar, Nahar Singh Bhomia, whose soul was dedicated to a temple inside the fort. The fort is also known for sheltering many European people during the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. The Nahargarh Palace had undergone major renovations in the year 1868 when Raja Sawai Ram Singh constructed a category of a palace within the fort of Nahargarh. In popular culture, Nahargarh is depicted in many famous films like ‘Rang De Basanti’ and ‘Pure Desi Romance’.
The architecture of Nahargarh Fort
This fort displays many beautiful structures inside a beautiful Indo-European architecture housing. As soon as you enter the fort from the entrance called “Tadi gate”, you will find a temple dedicated to the left of the Jaipur rulers. Another temple dedicated to Rathore Rajkumar, Nahar Singh Bhomia also lives inside the premises. Apart from this, you will find a “Madhavendra Bhavan” built by Sawai Madhu Singh. The structure is a two-story building with suites for King and his twelve queens. Split into nine similar apartments, each one includes a lobby, bedroom, toilet, kitchen, and store. Other attractions inside the palace include Dewan-e-aam, an open-air yard where the kings met their subjects and listened to their problems and complaints.
Madhavendra Bhavan- The main attraction
Madhavendra Bhavan is the most attractive part of the fort of Nahargarh, which is the summer place of the royal family. There are 12 perfectly identical suites in the Zenana Quarter, which was the residence of royal women. All nine wives of the Maharaja were given 2-floor apartments, which were kept on 3 sides of a rectangular shape courtyard. In the 4th part of the courtyard was the personal arm of the Maharaja. The castle was a mixture of Indian and European architecture such as Western restrooms and rectangular windows. All the rooms were connected through the corridors, which included striking graffiti and also included kitchen utensils and toilets. Each apartment is kept in such a way that if the king visits a queen, the other will not know about it. The name of the queen was written at the door in every apartment.
Although the structure of the fort is not very spacious, it is still a very wonderful architecture which makes it an attraction of attraction. The quiet atmosphere and the wonderful views of the city attract tourists from all around.
How to Reach Nahargarh Fort
Jaipur city is well connected by good intra-city transport. To reach Nahargarh fort from the city and its surroundings, any taxi, auto rickshaw or bus can be reached by bus. All these means of transportation are easily available as the Nahargarh fort is a popular destination.
By road: It takes around 5hours and 17 minutes to reach 270 km from the capital city New Delhi to The Nahargarh Fort in Jaipur. Jaipur is well connected by roads from most cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Chennai, Lucknow, Bengaluru, and more.
By train: By train, you can easily reach Nahargarh Fort. Jaipur, Durgapur, and Gandhinagar are the nearest railway station while the bus stand stays 17 km away. From the Railway stations, it is easy to reach the Nahargarh fort by the local transport.